Kejimkujik on the map. Kejimkujik National Park on the map of Canada, Nova Scotia

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Kejimkujik on the map. Kejimkujik National Park on the map of Canada, Nova Scotia

Kejimkujik, Nova Scotia

Established: 1968   Acreage: 94,272

In contrast to the maritime character of Cape Breton Highlands National Park, Kejimkujik National Park forms an excellent example of inland Nova Scotia. The park is a land of numerous lakes —many of them dotted with islands —of tumbling streams, and of rocky landscapes with a background of coniferous and hardwood forests. The park gets its name from the largest lake within its boundaries, Kejimkujik, a Micmac Indian word which is thought to mean 'the stricture passage,' referring to the fish weirs that backed up the water and caused the lake to 'swell.'

Much of the park was sculptured by the last Ice Age. Thick glaciers and sheets of ice then covered the area, scouring the rocky outcrops and gouging out depressions which now contain shallow lakes. After the climate warmed up and the ice melted, huge granite boulders carried along by the ice were left scattered across the land or in the lakes. The layer of soil left behind after the retreat of the ice is thin and rocky. In the eastern part of the park, where the soil has more depth, it was pushed into dome-shaped or elongated hills known as drumlins.

Much of the area was once the home of the Micmac Indians, whose petroglyphs can be found on the slate outcrops along the shores of Kejimkujik Lake. These sketches, representing animals such as moose and caribou, hunting and fishing techniques and Micmac women's headgear, are prominent at the entrance to Fairy Bay, at Peter Point and at George Lake.

Kejimkujik on the map. Kejimkujik National Park on the map of Canada, Nova Scotia