Pukaskwa, Ontario on the map. National Park Pukaskwa, Ontario on the map of Canada

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Pukaskwa, Ontario on the map. National Park Pukaskwa, Ontario on the map of Canada

Far right: The rugged trails through Pukasawa are clearly not for the faint of heart.

Below: White water adventure awaits one on the White River. The trip can be made alone or with a guide.

Pukaskwa, Ontario

Established: 1978   Acreage: 464,000

Along the northeast shore of Lake Superior there is no place more inaccessible than Pukaskwa (pronounced pucka-saw). Called 'the wild shore of an inland sea,' Pukaskwa National Park is located where the Canadian Shield (the wild shore) meets the northeast shore of Lake Superior (the inland sea) on the southern edge of Ontario's boreal forests.

The terrain is hilly, broken by ridges and cliffs and riddled with rock-rimmed lakes. In this wilderness live the moose, wolf, black bear and woodland caribou. The interior is well-forested, with spruce, fir and cedar mixed with birch and aspen. The Coastal Hiking Trail winds from Hattie Cove, south through boreal forest and over the hummocky rock of the Shield to the North Swallow River.

As recently as the 1930s, Pukaskwa's hills and swamps were alive with lumberjacks. Logging started at Pukaskwa around 1905. During the winter the only link with the world was the two dog teams that carried mail over the 70 pathless miles from the railway town of White River. Today only memories and vintage cabins recall the once thriving logging industry.

 

Pukaskwa, Ontario on the map. National Park Pukaskwa, Ontario on the map of Canada