Prince Edward Island National Park on the map. Prince Edward Island National Park on the map of Canada

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Prince Edward Island National Park on the map.  Prince Edward Island National Park on the map of Canada

Below: Cape Turner on Prince Edward Island. Every July and August the warm salt water beaches of the park draw thousands of vacationers.

Prince Edward Island, Prince Edward Island

Established: 1937   Acreage: 4480

Encompassing a coastline strip extending nearly 25 miles along the north shore of the island, Prince Edward Island National Park includes some of the finest saltwater beaches in Canada. Reddish in color and beaten smooth and broad by the surf, they permit swimming in water that is warmer than at many points along the Atlantic coast to the south. Landward from the beaches, sand dunes and red sandstone cliffs rise to considerable heights.

The written history of Prince Edward Island dates back to the sixteenth century. Jacques Cartier sailed along the north shores of the island and made some landings on his first voyage in 1534. But long before Cartier arrived, the island

was inhabited by the Micmac Indians, who called it 'Epag-wit,' meaning resting on the waves. The island was later settled first by emigrants from France, and then by Acadians. Since the early days of settlement, many residents of the province have gained a livelihood from agriculture and by fishing the waters of the Gulf of St Lawrence. Small fleets of fishing boats still operate from their home ports in the picturesque villages that lie within the bays and inlets.

Included in the park are Dalvay by the Sea and Green Gables. Dalvay by the Sea, known as Dalvay House, represents a splendid example of the large summer homes erected by opulent citizens in an era when costs were low and income taxes were nonexistent. Long before it was incorporated in the park, Green Gables had become a point of interest in the Cavendish area. The farmhouse, erected around the mid-1850s, had a literary connection with the novels of Lucy Maud Montgomery. Since the publication of Anne of Green Gables in 1908, the white farmhouse, trimmed in green, has attracted visitors.

 

Prince Edward Island National Park on the map.  Prince Edward Island National Park on the map of Canada