Fundy on the map, New Brunswick. Fundy National Park on the map of Canada
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Fundy, New Brunswick
Established: 1948 Acreage: 50,880
The word "Fundy" was originally believed to come from the Portuguese 'fondo,' meaning deep. Later research decided that the name was an English corruption of the French word 'fendu,' or split. No matter what the origin of the name, the Bay of Fundy, which separates the provinces of New Brunswick and Nova Scotia, is remarkable for its tremendous tides, believed to be the highest in the world—spring tides reach a height of 59 to 68 feet.
Inland, the park consists of rolling forested land, dotted with small lakes, many of which provide the source of streams which feed its main rivers, the Upper Salmon and the Point Wolfe. High swift tides, aided by wind and wave action, have carved and sculptured the rugged shoreline into sheltered coves and bold promontories. The rugged coastline provides a stark contrast to the sylvan solitude of the wood-
Lands. The forests, which combine broad-leaved with evergreen trees, present a dazzling array of color in the autumn as the gold and crimson of the deciduous species mingle with the dark green of the conifers.
The earliest visitors to the Bay of Fundy were Sieur de Monts and Samuel de Champlain, who entered the mouth of the St John River in 1604. Permanent settlement of the lands north of the bay did not occur until the arrival of the United Empire Loyalists in 1783. Lumbering became the main industry, and employed many residents for more than 100 years. During the peak years of the lumber trade, three- and four-masted schooners were loaded from wharves at Point Wolfe and Alma, and larger vessels were loaded offshore from barges. Small cemeteries, dams and picturesque covered bridges remind today's visitors of the former inhabitants.
Today, visitors to the park enjoy camping, hiking and fishing. The park's variety of topographical features —forests, meadows and coastline—creates an ideal environment for nature study. Fundy boasts a wealth of wildflowers, over 200 hundred varieties, and 77 species of birds.
Fundy is one of the best places in New Brunswick to see animals in their natural habitat. Bobcats (right) and raccoons (far right) are just two of the many mammals that inhabit the forests of the park.
Below: Hiking the Moose horn Trail along the rocky Upper Salmon River.