Ecuador geographic map

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Ecuador geographic map

Geography map of Ecuador
Geographic map of Ecuador with the terrain. Big map of Ecuador with a brief historical outline and full of geographic data about the South American country of Ecuador.
Ecuador geographical description
Ecuador lies on the equator. lis name comes from the Spanish  word meaning "equator." The country's main regions are the hot coastal  lowlands, the Andes Mountains, and the humid eastern plains, which are  drained by the Amazon and its tributaries.    
The Incas conquered the region that is now Ecuador in the late  15th century. In turn, the Spanish defeated the Incas in 1534. Ecuador  became independent in 1822.    
Marine iguanas, giant tortoises, and Other unique animals live  on Ecuador's Galapagos Islands, which lie about 1,000 km (1.600 miles)  off the coast. The naturalist Charles Darwin studied the islands'  animals and plains and used his observations lo develop his theory of  evolution.    
ECUADOR highlights
Area: 283,561 sq km (109,484 sq miles)    
Highest point: Chimborazo. 6,267 m (20.561 ft)    
Population: 11,698,000    
Capital: Quito (pop 1,488,000)    
Largest cities: Guayaquil (pop 1.974,000). Cuenca (255.000)    
Official language: Spanish    
Religions: Christianity (Roman Catholic 93%), other 7%    
Government: Republic Currency: Sucre    
Fishing is an important industry in the coastal waters, where  herring and mackerel are caught. Shrimp is another important seafood and  is increasingly farmed in ponds.    
Cotopaxi. south of the capital city, Quito, is one of the  world's highest active volcanoes at 5,897 m (19.347 ft). When it erupted  in 1877. avalanches of mud. caused by melting snow mixing with volcanic  ash, buried large areas. Around 1,000 people were killed, Ecuador has  more than 30 active volcanoes.    
Andes Three ranges of the Andes Mountains form the backbone of  Ecuador. Between the ranges are high plateaus, or basins. Nearly >f  the country's people live on these high plateaus, which enjoy a  pleasant, mild climate.    
Panama hats are made in Ecuador from palm liber. They got their  name in the 19th century because Panam was the main center from which  the hats were exported. Ecuador also manufactures paper products,  processed food, and textiles.    
Bananas, cocoa, and coffee are leading export crops. Forestry is  also important, and Ecuador is the largest world producer of balsa  wood. Mining is a major industry, and Ecuador's leading exports are oil  and oil products.
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