Geography map of SurinameGeographic map of Suriname. Geographical map of Suriname for free download
Geographic description of Suriname
Guyana (formerly British Guiana). Suriname (formerly Dulch Guiana), and Freneh Guiana, a French overseas department, are situated in northeastern South America. Together, they are called "the Guianas." They have narrow coastal plains where most of the people live, with plateaus and mountains inland. Guyana is a poor country, but Suriname is more prosperous because of its large bauxite deposits. French Guiana depends largely on financial and administrative support from France.
Area: 163,265 sq km (63,037 sq miles)
Capital: Paramaribo (pop 201,000)
Official language: Dutch
Religions: Christianity 42%, Hinduism 27%, Islam 20%, other 11%
Currency: Suriname guilder
Hardwoods arc important products in the Guianas. Rainforests containing valuable trees, such as greenheart, cover 90 percent of French Guiana and Suriname and 85 percent of Guyana. The timber industry produces logs and plywood.
Bauxite is the ore from which the metal aluminum is made. Bauxite and aluminum make up more than 70 percent of the exports of Suriname. Guyana also exports bauxite. French Guiana has some bauxite deposits, but they are largely undeveloped.
Georgetown, the capital of Guyana, is built on low coastal land. Strong sea walls and drainage canals prevent flooding of the coastal plain. Only about one-third of the Gu\ anew live in towns; ihe rest are tanners.
Macaws, parrots, and other colorful birds live in the rainforests and savanna regions of the Guianas. Among Ihe many animals found in the three countries are caimans, deer, monkeys, ocelots, and tapirs.
Sugarcane is one of the main crops of the Guianas. It makes up about one-quarter of the exports of Guyana. The other major crop is rice, which is grown on about three-quarters of the farmland in Suriname. Fishing is another important industry.
Kourou, northwest of Cayenne, the capital of French Guiana, has been the rocket-launching site of the European Space Agency since 1968. France earns money by launching the satellites of other countries.