Map of Vicksburg National Military Park in Mississippi
Basic information for visitors to the Vicksburg National Military Park In western Mississippi, in Vicksburg.
Vicksburg National Military Park in western Mississippi, in Vicksburg.
A key battle of the Civil War—including the campaign, siege, and defense of Vicksburg from March 29 to July 4, 1863—is commemorated at this park. Battles at Port Gibson, Raymond, Jackson, Champion Hill, and Big Black River were all part of the Vicksburg campaign, as was the 47-day Union siege against the city. Located high on the bluffs, Vicksburg was known as "The Gibraltar of the Confederacy" and guarded the Mississippi River; with its surrender, the Union regained control of the lower Mississippi River and split the Confederacy in two. Today, more than 1,300 monuments and markers are scattered throughout the grounds, as are reconstructed trenches and earthworks, an antebellum structure, more than 125 emplaced cannons, and the Vicksburg National Cemetery. The U.S.S. Cairo Museum and Gunboat is also on the grounds. A 16-mi auto-tour road winds past many of the significant historic sites. The park was established in 1899 and transferred to the Park Service in 1933.
WHAT TO SEE & DO
Auto touring, bird-watching, hiking, touring museum and cemetery, viewing restored Union gunboat, walking. Facilities: Visitor center, interpretive signs, U.S.S. Cairo Museum and Gunboat (mile 7.9). Bookstore, picnic tables. Programs & Events: Guided battlefield tours, self-guided driving tours. Ranger talks, black powder demonstration, living-history program, and cannon firing demonstrations (all mid-June-mid-Aug.). Tips & Hints: Wear comfortable clothing and walking or hiking shoes. Audiotapes available for driving tours. Best weather Mar-May. Busiest Apr. and May, least crowded Nov. and Dec.
FOOD & LODGING
Hotels: None in park. In Vicksburg: Ameristar Casino Hotel (4155 Washington St., tel. 601/638-1000 or 800/700-7770; 149 rooms; $69-$189), Battlefield Inn (4137 I-20 N. Frontage Rd., tel. 601/638-5811 or 800/359-9363; 118 rooms; $50-$75), Hampton Inn (3332 Clay St., 601/636-6100 or 888/568-4044; 147 rooms; $75). X Restaurants: None in park. In Vicksburg: Eddie Monsour's (127 Country Club Dr., tel. 601/638-1571; $5-$10; no lunch Sat., no dinner Sun.), Walnut Hills Round Tables (1214 Adams St., tel. 601/638-1910; $7-$17; closed Sat., no dinner Sun.).
FEES, HOURS & REGULATIONS
Entrance fee: $5 per vehicle, $3 per bus passenger. Guided battlefield tour: $30 per car, $40 per van, $60 per bus; reservations available. No hunting. No metal detectors. No fires or cooking. Park open daily dawn-dusk. Visitor center open daily 8-5. Cairo Museum open Nov-Mar., daily 8:30-5; Apr.-Oct., daily 9:30-6.
HOW TO GET THERE
In Vicksburg off I-20/U.S. 61 at Exit 4B; take Clay St. (U.S. 80) west for lA mi to park. Closest airport: Jackson (50 mi).
Vicksburg National Military Park (3201 Clay St., Vicksburg, MS 39183, tel. 601/636-0583; 601/636-3827 battlefield tour, fax 601/636-9497,). Vicksburg Convention & Visitors Bureau (Box 110, Vicksburg, MS 39181, tel. 601/636-9421).
Vicksburg National Military Park.
Basic information for visitors to the Vicksburg National Military Park In western Mississippi, in Vicksburg